Often we seek information that confirms our own thoughts and feelings towards a topic. This is not research. Research and learning comes from finding sources that speak to the truth of a topic, no matter how much it hurts, or does not fit with your current ideas and beliefs.
Only by keeping personal biases in check can you begin to vet information for credibility. These steps will help you find sources that are credible and reliable in your research process.
Identify emotions attached to the topic.
Find unbiased reference sources that will provide a proper and informative overview of the topic.
Intellectual courage is needed to seek authoritative voices on the topic that may fall outside your comfort zone or thesis.
Purpose/ Point of view.
List of sources (bibliography).
Year of publication.
Information on this page does not fall under the Creative Common License. IF I APPLY was created by Kat Phillips, Eryn Roles, and Sabrina Thomas. For more information, see Penn State University Libraries' IF I APPLY guide.
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